Julian Meade Ruffin Papers, 1946-1978

Navigate the Collection

Using These Materials Teaser

Using These Materials Links:

Using These Materials

No restrictions.
More about accessing and using these materials...


Ruffin, Julian Meade

Contains professional papers of Julian Meade Ruffin, gastroenterologist at Duke University Hospital and chief of the Division of Gastroenterology (1930-1965).

Types of materials include personal materials, speeches, manuscripts, and correspondence. Major subjects include Duke Hospital, gastrointestinal disease, gastroenterology, and nutrition. Materials range in date from 1946 to 1978.

Collection ID:


Scope and content:

Organized into the following series: Papers, 1946-1978.

  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Duke University. Hospital.
  • Gastroenterology
  • Duke University -- Faculty.
  • Ruffin, Julian M. "Julian Meade", b. 1900.

1 document case

Biographical / historical:

Julian Meade Ruffin was born August 26, 1900 to Edmund Sumter Ruffin, Sr. and Cordelia Byrd. He received degrees from the University of Virginia (B.A. 1921; M.A., 1922; M.D., 1926). He then completed an internship at Bellevue Hospital in New York (1926-1928) and served as an instructor at the George Washington University School of Medicine (1928-1930). Ruffin joined Duke University in 1930 as a member of the founding faculty. To bring new young physicians into the field of gastroenterology, he established the clinical fellowship in 1942. Ruffin was director of medicine for the outpatient clinic (1930-1965), attending physician in Duke Hospital, and chief of gastroenterology (1930-1965). He retired from Duke University in 1967. Ruffin served as a consultant to the Veterans Administration, National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense, and Watts Hospital in Durham, N.C. He was a member of the National Institutes of Health, fellow of the College of Physicians, and president of the Gastroenterological Association (1953-1954). In 1967, the Southern Medical Association presented him with its major honor, the Searle-Harris Award. The following year, the American Gastroenterological Association recognized his efforts as a skilled clinician, noted teacher and outstanding investigator with the presentation of the Friedenwald Medal. Ruffin published more than 175 papers on internal medicine, nutrition in communities, and gastroenterology, particularly on the diagnosis and treatment of peptic ulcers, malapsorption, endoscopy, and inflammatory bowel disease. His early investigations provided important contributions in the field of nutrition and vitamin deficiency. These studies demonstrated that nicotonic acid was the dietary factor effective in the treatment of pellagra. His further work in the field of nutrition helped establish minimal daily requirements of B complex vitamins. With David T. Smith, he wrote Pellagra Therapy (1940). Ruffin married Lucy Landon Noland in 1929.

Acquisition information:
Acquired; 1978.
Processing information:

Processed by: Archives staff, 1982 Encoded by: Emily Glenn, June 2004

Physical location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.


Using These Materials

Using These Materials Links:

Using These Materials


No restrictions.

Terms of access:

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Julian Meade Ruffin Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.