Frederic Moir Hanes Papers, 1909-1967

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Hanes, Frederic M. (Frederic Moir), 1883-1946.
Contains the personal and professional papers of Frederic Moir Hanes (1883-1946), pathologist, neurologist, and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University. Types of materials include correspondence, reprints, writings, budgets, minutes, scrapbooks, and memoranda. Major subjects include the Hanes Fund, Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Department of Medicine, study and teaching of medicine in North Carolina, physicians, pathology, and the Sarah P. Duke Gardens. Materials range in date from 1909 to 1967.
4.5 Linear Feet (3 cartons)
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Scope and content:

The papers document professional and personal life of Frederic Moir Hanes, a pathologist, neurologist, and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University. The bulk of the materials document Hanes' professional life and includes correspondence, reprints, writings, budgets, minutes, scrapbooks, and memoranda. The materials date from 1909 to 1967.

Biographical / historical:

Frederic Moir Hanes was born in Salem, North Carolina, in 1883 to John Wesley and Anna Hodgin Hanes. He received degrees from University of North Carolina (AB, 1903), Harvard University (AM, 1904), Johns Hopkins University (MD, 1908). As a student, he interned at Johns Hopkins Hospital (1908-1909). Following his internship, he joined Columbia University as associate professor of pathology, and later Presbyterian Hospital of New York as a pathologist (1909-1912). Hanes also served as an associate at the Rockefeller Institute (1912-1913), associate professor of medicine at the Washington University Medical Department (1913-1914), assistant in neurology at Queen Square Hospital in London (1914), professor of therapeutics at the Medical College of Virginia (1914-1916), and as an internist in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (1918-1931). Hanes arrived at Duke University in 1931 and served Duke Hospital as a physician. He later became a professor of medicine in 1933 where he taught and conducted research in pathology and neurology.
Hanes, who succeeded Harold L. Amoss as chair of the Department of Medicine, proposed the creation of a Department of Internal Medicine Fund. Under this plan, Hanes and other members of the department pooled all fees collected from private patients. Hanes was an independently wealthy man and took no percentage of the pool for himself. Each of the other members of the department received a monthly percentage, after deducting overhead, which was equal to the percentage of collections he contributed during the previous year. This concept of fiscal and practical management was profitable for the physicians and the Department of Medicine. A part of the earnings, Hanes proposed, should be allocated to a fund that would better the whole department. Thus, in 1937, the Anna H. Hanes Research Fund was established. The Hanes Fund provided salaries for technicians and secretaries, as well as instruments and supplies needed for teaching and research. Gradually, a reserve was accumulated, which was used to attract and match new grants from outside sources. This inventive fiscal management was instrumental in laying the framework for what is known today as the Private Diagnostic Clinic.
The Hanes family funded many construction, research, and beautification projects at Duke University. The Elizabeth P. Hanes House, named for Hanes' wife, Elizabeth Peck Hanes, originally a dormitory and teaching facility for Nursing students, was constructed in 1952. In addition to the Hanes House, the Hanes family gave gifts toward construction of the medical school library reading room. The Frederic M. Hanes Professor of Medicine and Immunology endowed professorship was created at Duke University School of Medicine to honor Hanes.
The Hanes family supported more than the education and clinical endeavors of Duke University. In the 1930s, Frederic Hanes' vision and enthusiasm for a garden presence on campus led to the beginnings of the Sarah P. Duke Gardens. The original garden site was a debris-filled ravine. Hanes was determined to convert the unsightly ravine, by which he walked daily, into a garden of his favorite flower, the iris. He persuaded his friend, Sarah P. Duke, widow of Benjamin N. Duke (one of Duke University's founders), to give $20,000 to finance a garden that would bear her name. In 1935, more than 100 flower beds (in the area which is today known as the South Lawn) bloomed with 40,000 irises, 25,000 daffodils, 10,000 small bulbs, and assorted annuals, all of which were washed away in heavy summer rains and the flooding stream. By the time of Sarah P. Duke's death in 1936, the original gardens were destroyed. Hanes convinced Sarah P. Duke's daughter, Mary Duke Biddle, to construct a new garden on higher ground as a memorial to her mother.
Hanes was named a Florence McAllister Professor of Medicine and a fellow of the American College of Physicians. He held memberships in the Association of American Physicians, American Medical Association, Association of North Carolina State Medical Society. Hanes was also a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Beta Kappa, and Alpha Omega Alpha honor societies. Hanes served as lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Army Medical Corps at the Commanding Base Hospital 65, A.E.F. (1917-1919). Hanes' major writings include "Ashford's Bibliography of Sprue" (1938), "A Study of Mental Health in North Carolina" (1938), and "My African Diary" (1926?).
Hanes married Elizabeth Peck; they had no children. Hanes died in 1946.

Acquisition information:
Accession A2003.020 (transferred, May 2003), Accession A2016.019 (gift by Martha Ruskai from the Dorothy Carpenter Medical Archives, May 2016)
Processing information:

Processed by Archives staff: July 2003; reprocessed by Astrid Cook-Dail under the supervision of Lucy Waldrop: May 2016

Organized into the following series: Correspondence, 1932-1955; Hanes Fund, 1960-1967; Personal/Biographical, 1931-circa 1942; Writings, 1909-1943.
Physical location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
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Terms of access:

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Frederic Moir Hanes Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.