James B. Wyngaarden Papers, 1958-2003
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- Wyngaarden, James B.
- Contains the professional papers of James B. Wyngaarden, former professor and administrator of Duke University School of Medicine and Duke University Hospital. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, reports, minutes, and committee materials. Major subjects include Duke University Hospital, Duke University Medical Center, and hospital administration. Materials range in date from 1958 to 1993.
- Collection ID:
- Scope and content:
Contains the correspondence, subject files, speeches, travel records, and reprints of James B. Wyngaarden, former professor and administrator of the Duke University School of Medicine and Duke University Hospital in Durham, N.C. Materials range in date from 1958 to 1993.
- Biographical / historical:
Dr. James Wyngaarden was born in Grand Rapids, Mich. in 1924. He attended Calvin College and then Western Michigan College from 1943 to 1944. He received his M.D. in 1948 from University of Michigan Medical School, graduating first in his class. His clinical training was in internal medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital. After postdoctoral work at the Public Health Research Institute of the City of New York, he became a research associate at the National Institutes of Health from 1953 to 1956. Wyngaarden came to Duke University in 1956 to the Department of Medicine, and he also became associate professor of biochemistry. In 1959, Dr. Wyngaarden assumed the leadership of Duke's medical research training program. He left Duke in 1965 to become the chair of the Department of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. From 1963 to 1964 he was a guest scientist at the Insitut de Biologie Physico-chimique in Paris. From 1967 to 1982 he served as chair the Department of Medicine at Duke University. He also served as chief of staff of Duke University Hospital from 1981 to 1982. Wyngaarden became the twelfth director of the National Institutes of Health in 1982, a position which he held until 1989. During his service as president, the NIH increased AIDS research funding and successfully fought to keep its control of the human genome project. From 1989 to 1990, he was the associate director for life sciences at the Office of Science and Technology Policy. He returned to Duke in 1991 to be the assistant vice chancellor for health affairs, Duke University Medical Center. From 1990 to 1994, Wyngaarden served as the foreign secretary of the National Academy of Sciences. He has been a member of the boards and advisory councils for numerous corporations, including Hybridon, BIOMEC, and Magainin/Genaera Corp. He is currently professor emeritus of medicine, Duke University School of Medicine. Wyngaarden has been a member of the president's Science Advisory Committee; the National Academy of Sciences; the American Board of Internal Medicine; the National Academy of Sciences; the American Academy of Arts of Sciences; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the Institutes of Medicine; and has been a counselor of the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolic, and Digestive Diseases and president of the Association of American Physicians. He has served on the editorial boards of Medicine and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and has coauthored the three textbooks: The Metabolic Basis of Inherited Disease, Cecil's Textbook of Medicine, and Gout and Hyperuricemia. He has received honorary degrees from various institutions, including the University of Michigan, Medical College of Ohio, University of Illinois at Chicago, George Washington University, and Tel Aviv University.
- Acquisition information:
- Acquired; circa 1983 Gift; A2006-054; 2006
- Processing information:
Processed by Archives staff and Emily Glenn, November 2003 Encoded by Emily Glenn, March 2004 Revised by Cate Putirskis and Dawne Howard Lucas, August 2007
- The ordering system of the records in Boxes 1-4 was changed substantially from their original order during initial processing. Subsequent processing retained the imposed ordering scheme for consistency. Arrangement may vary among related collections.
- Physical location:
- For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
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Contains University Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. (Issued by the Office of the Chancellor, December 1, 1975)
- Terms of access:
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
- Preferred citation:
[Identification of item], James B. Wyngaarden Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.