Educational Media Services Records, 1950-2005

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Duke University. Medical Center. Educational Media Services.
Materials were created by staff and artists of Medical Art, later Medical Illustration, a section of Educational Media Services, a division of the Duke University School of Medicine. Artists include Elon H. Clark, Robert L. Blake, Robert G. Gordon and Stanley M. Coffman. Types of materials include photographs, negatives, slides, sketches, and drawings. The collection also contains prints, negatives, and sketches of items created by Gordon and Coffman for David C. Sabiston's "Atlas of Cardiothoracic Surgery." Major subjects include Duke University School of Medicine and medical illustration. Materials range in date from 1950 to 2003.
51.8 Linear Feet (30 cartons, 4 manuscript boxes, 7 flat boxes, 2 lantern slide boxes, 1 map folder)
Collection ID:


Scope and content:

Contains photographs, negatives, slides, sketches, drawings, correspondence, newsletters, release forms, contact sheets, and newspaper clippings. Materials range in date from 1950 to 2000.

Biographical / historical:

The Division of Educational Media Services has its roots in the founding of the Duke University School of Medicine. Max Brodel, the father of medical illustration from Johns Hopkins, sent his daughter, Elizabeth, to Duke in 1930 upon the opening of the school. In 1935, Elon H. Clark was appointed director of the Department of Medical Art and Illustration. As the director, Clark led a service-oriented research program that concentrated on the development of improved cosmetic prostheses, particularly facial restorations. Medical Illustration staff was also responsible for the coordination of pamphlets, charts, illustrations, and photographs used in many Duke University and Duke University Medical Center publications.
In 1949, Robert Blake became part of the Duke faculty, and finally Coordinator of Medical Art (circa 1971) and Acting Director of Audiovisual Education, following Elon Clark's retirement. The Department of Medical Art and Illustration became the Division of Audiovisual Education in 1966, and consisted of three branches: medical art, medical photography, medical films and medical television. In 1997, Audiovisual Education became the Division of Educational Media Services (EMS), and consisted of four branches: medical photography, medical art, instructional television, and media coordination. The division was dissolved in 2005.
Duke University Medical Center was among the first educational institutions in the United States to provide medical illustration services. Artwork was created with traditional and digital media and includes surgical and anatomic drawings, schematic and mechanical drawings, and a variety of designs. The images produced appear in books, journals, patient education materials, presentation materials, web sites, and occasionally on the pages of some of the nation's more prominent newspapers and covers of scientific journals.

Acquisition information:
Accession A2004.071 (acquired from Duke University Medical Center Division of Audiovisual Education, August 2004), Accession A2005.050 (transferred by Duke University Medical Center Educational Media Services, October 2005), Accession A2005.053 (transferred by Duke University Medical Center Educational Media Services, October 2005), Accession A2011.059 (transferred by Frank E. Beresford, July 2011), Accession A2011.066 (gift by Robert L. Blake, April 2013), Accession A2011.069 (gift by Kennard Blake, August 2011), Accession A2012.079 (transferred by Duke University Medical Center, December 2012), Accession A2013.009 (transferred by Duke University Medical Center Educational Media Services, April 2013)
Processing information:

Processed by Archives staff: 2005; encoded by Emily Glenn: November 1, 2005; reprocessed by Jessica Roseberry: June 2011; encoded by Dawne Howard Lucas: July 2011

Organized into the following series: Illustrations, 1968-1995; Slides, Negatives, and Photographs, 1950-2000; Audiovisual Materials, 1971-2003; Correspondence, undated; Photographs Illustrations: A2003.009, undated; Original Artwork/Oversized Photographs, undated; Computer Disks, undated.
Physical location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Duke University Medical Center Library's online catalog.
Rules or conventions:


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Personal Name(s):
Clark, Elon H.
Blake, Robert L.
Coffman, Stanley M.
Gordon, Robert G.
Corporate Name(s):
Duke University. Medical Center
Topical Term(s):
Medical Illustration.
Education, Medical.


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This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.
Contains Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. (Issued by the Office of the Chancellor, December 1, 1975).
The Illustrations Series; Slides, Negatives, and Photographs Series; and Audiovisual Materials Series must be screened for sensitive or confidential materials before being accessed. For further information consult with the Medical Center Archivist.

Terms of access:

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Educational Media Services Records, Duke University Medical Center Archives.