Thomas D. Kinney Papers, circa 1945-1996

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Kinney, Thomas D.
Contains the professional papers of Thomas DeArman Kinney (1909-1977), chair of the Duke University Department of Pathology (1960-1975) and associate provost (1973-1974). Types of material include correspondence, newsletters, planning materials, budgets, announcements, reports, minutes, speeches, brochures, and reprints. Major subjects include Duke University School of Medicine, administration, Duke University Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Department of Pathology, curriculum development, undergraduate and graduate medical education, and elective systems in medical colleges. Materials date from circa 1945 to 1996.
22.5 Linear Feet (15 cartons, 1 manuscript box)
Collection ID:


Scope and content:

Materials include correspondence, newsletters, planning materials, budgets, announcements, reports, minutes, speeches, brochures, and reprints pertaining to Kinney's career at Duke University. Materials date from circa 1945 to 1996.

Biographical / historical:

Thomas DeArman Kinney was born on March 19, 1909, Franklin, Pennsylvania. He received his BA from the University of Pittsburgh (1931) and his MD from Duke University (1936). Kinney completed residencies at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, New Haven Hospital, and Boston City Hospital from 1936 to 1943. He held hospital appointments in pathology at Boston City Hospital (1943-1944), Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (1944-1947), Cleveland Metropolitan General Hospital (1947-1960), Crile VA Hospital (1947-1960), and Duke University Hospital (1960-1977). His teaching appointments in pathology included Yale University (1938-1939), Boston University (1940-1941), Tufts College Medical School (1941-1944), Harvard Medical School (1944-1947), Western Reserve University School of Medicine (1947-1960).
Kinney joined Duke University in 1960 as a professor and chair of the Department of Pathology (1960-1977) and chair of pathology (1960-1965). He was also R.J. Reynolds Professor of Medical Education (1967-1977), director of medical and allied health education (1969-1974), and associate provost (1973-1974). During his tenure at Duke University, Kinney developed the Division of Medical Education department which came to be known for its ability attract excellent house officers. Kinney successfully pioneered a two-year program to train pathology assistants, participated in the development of the MD-PhD program, and developed a plan to integrate medical school coursework with the premedical and residency years. Duke University medical students recognized his outstanding teaching by naming a distinguished teaching award in his honor. Additionally, his colleagues dedicated the Thomas DeArman Kinney Central Teaching Laboratory in his honor (1968).
As a researcher, Kinney invented many pieces of equipment for use in the laboratory, including the Lab Tek, disposable knife blades, and a processor for electron microscopy specimens. Kinney also collaborated with the Cleveland Zoo to describe defects and diseases in a chimpanzee, bear, and kangaroo. As a researcher, Kinney published more than 150 articles on the nutritional function of iron, pathways of iron metabolism, and issues in medical education. He served as the editor of "Bulletin of the International Association of Medical Museums" (1945-1949), "Laboratory Investigation" (1952-1967), and the "American Journal of Pathology" (1967-1977). Kinney served in various capacities with twenty seven academic and honor societies, including the Academy of Medicine of Cleveland, the Cleveland Medical Library Association, the Tissue Culture Association, Diabetes Association of Greater Cleveland, the American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists, the American Society of Human Genetics, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, the Area Heart Society, North Carolina Society of Pathologists, the American Society of Experimental Pathology, the Association of Pathology, the Council of American Societies, the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, and Universities Associated for Research and Education in Pathology. Kinney also served in a variety of capacities to the National Institute of Health. Kinney was also a member of Sigma Xi, Nu Sigma Nu, Theta Delta Chi, and Alpha Omega Alpha. At Duke, he received the Duke University School of Medicine Alumni Association's Distinguished Teaching Award (1975).
Kinney retired as chair of the Department of Pathology in 1975. In 1977, the American Association of Pathologists presented Kinney with its highest award, the Gold-Headed Cane, for recognition of Kinney's "representing the highest ideals in medicine and pathology". He remained a professor of pathology and as the R. J. Reynolds Industries Professor of Medical Education until his death.
Kinney married Eleanor Shepard Roberts in 1939. They had four children. Kinney died on June 12, 1977.

Acquisition information:
Accession A1977.0215 (Acquired, May 2003), Accession A2019.020 (gift by Thomas R. Kinney, March 2019)
Processing information:

Processed by Archives staff and Emily Glenn: September 2003; encoded by Emily Glenn: April 2004; updated by Lucy Waldrop: March 2019

Organized into the following series: General Subject Files, 1960-1979; General Subject Files II, 1960-1981; Speeches, circa 1961-1977, 1996; Miscellaneous Records, circa 1945, 1977, 1989, 1993, undated.
Physical location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Rules or conventions:


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Personal Name(s):
Kinney, Thomas D.
Corporate Name(s):
Duke University. Medical Center
Duke University. School of Medicine
Duke University. Department of Pathology
Topical Term(s):
Education, Medical.


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This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.
Contains University Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the University Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the University Archivist. (Issued by the Office of the Chancellor, December 1, 1975).

Terms of access:

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Thomas D. Kinney Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.