Douglas S. Tyler Oral History Interview, 2019

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Summary

Creator:
Duke University. Medical Center. Department of Surgery.
Abstract:
Dr. Douglas S. Tyler, MD, is the John Woods Harris Distinguished Chair in Surgery, Professor, and Chair of the Department of Surgery at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. He completed his residency in general surgery at the Duke University Medical Center, where he was the Chief Resident in Surgery. This collection contains 1 oral history interview conducted on June 10, 2019 by Emily Stewart as part of the Dr. David Sabiston Oral History Project. In the interview, Tyler discusses his early life, education, decision to become a physician, experiences with Sabiston as a Resident in General Surgery and as the Chief Resident in Surgery, Sabiston's training methods, his experiences working in a research lab at Duke, his fellowship in surgical oncology, coming back to Duke to start his academic career, other memories of Sabiston, and his reasons for leaving Duke.
Extent:
1 Interview (1 transcripts) and 11.8 MB
Collection ID:
OH.TYLERD

Background

Scope and content:

Includes 1 oral history interview with Dr. Douglas S. Tyler conducted on June 10, 2019 by Emily Stewart as part of the Dr. David Sabiston Oral History Project.

In the June 10, 2019 interview, Tyler discusses his early life, education, decision to become a physician, experiences with Sabiston as a Resident in General Surgery and as the Chief Resident in Surgery, Sabiston's training methods, his experiences working in a research lab at Duke, his fellowship in surgical oncology, coming back to Duke to start his academic career, other memories of Sabiston, and his reasons for leaving Duke.

Biographical / historical:

Dr. Douglas S. Tyler, MD, was born in 1959 and grew up in the Boston suburb of Brookline, Massachusetts. Tyler's father was the head of neurology at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (now Brigham and Women's Hospital), which exposed him to the field of medicine from a young age and influenced his decision to become a physician. Tyler attended Dartmouth College for his undergraduate education and received his MD with honors from Dartmouth Medical School (1985) in Hanover, New Hampshire. He came to Duke University Medical Center for his general surgery residency (1985-1992) and was Chief Resident in Surgery. Afterwards he completed a fellowship in surgical oncology at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas (1993-1994).
Upon completion of his training, Tyler came back to Duke went on to serve as Chief of the Section of Surgical Oncology, Professor of Surgery with tenure, and Chief of the Division of Surgical Oncology within the Department of Surgery at Duke University Medical Center. Tyler also served as Vice Chairman of the Department of Surgery and Chief of Surgical Services at Durham VA Medical Center. He joined the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center in 1997 where he served as Director of the Melanoma Program within the Duke Cancer Institute. He was involved with organizing the Oncology Services for Duke Health System and was appointed Associate Director for Strategic Planning within the Cancer Institute.
Tyler stayed at Duke from 1994 to 2014, when he left for the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center where he is the John Woods Harris Distinguished Chair in Surgery and Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery.
Tyler's clinical interests focus on GI cancers, melanoma, and sarcoma. He pioneered neoadjuvant approaches using chemotherapy and/or radiation to tumors of the stomach and pancreas, as well as the application of minimally invasive surgery to tumors of the GI tract. He is an expert in the management of regionally advanced and in-transit melanoma and oversees novel clinical trials to manage this form of disease. Tyler also has extensive experience managing retroperitoneal and abdominal wall sarcomas. Tyler's research interest is in novel strategies to treat regionally advanced melanoma with the main focus on how regional treatments can augment systemic immunotherapy strategies. His work spans preclinical animal models, through phase I and II regional therapy clinical trials associated with correlative science studies.
Tyler is the author of more than 200 published works including peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. He reviews for periodicals such as "Journal of the National Cancer Institute", "Cancer Research", "Journal of Surgical Oncology", and "British Journal of Cancer". He is a member of the editorial boards for "Journal of Clinical Oncology" and "World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery".
Over the course of his career he has received numerous awards and honors including the David C. Sabiston, Jr. Teaching Award for excellence in resident education, the Durham VA Medical Center "Partners in Care" Nursing Service Excellence Award, and the Duke Surgery Excellence in Simulation Teaching Award for providing exemplary service in skills training to residents in the surgical education and activities lab. He also served as a Director for the American Board of Surgery and as an elected representative to the Society of Surgical Oncology.

Acquisition information:
Accession A2020.055 (transferred by Mary-Russell Roberson, July 2020)
Processing information:

Processed by Lucy Waldrop: September 2020

Arrangement:
Organized into the following series: Interview, June 10, 2019.
Rules or conventions:
DACS

Contents

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Restrictions:

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Terms of access:

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred citation:

[Identification of item], Douglas S. Tyler Oral History Interview, Duke University Medical Center Archives.